EDUU 510 Journal Week 3

Final Paper And Powerpoint
November 24, 2018
Argumentative Essay
November 24, 2018
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EDUU 510 Journal Week 3

Week Three Journal

1.  In Chapter 9 Ryan and Copper describe two psychological theories that have influenced schools,

behaviorism and constructivism. What do you see as the distinction between the two and which of the

two do you connect with the most and why?

2.  View the “Philosophies & Psychological Theories” powerpoint and complete the philosophy

of education self-inventory in the “learning activities” folder. In which philosophy areas did you obtain

your highest and lowest scores? Do you think your score accurately reflect your philosophical

beliefs? Why or why not?

3.  Complete the MI inventory in the “learning activities” folder. What intelligence areas were your

strengths? Since we tend to teach to our strengths use the “Multiple Intelligence Menu” on page 70 of

the Ryan and Cooper text to locate and then describe  at least two strategies that you could use in

your teaching that incorporate intelligences other than the ones you identified as your strengths.

Ryan and cooper ch 9

https://books.google.com/books?id=fZ-aBAAAQBAJ&pg=PA490&lpg=PA490&dq=Ryan,+K.+%26+Cooper,+J.+M+Those+who+can,+teach+(14th+ed.).+google,+books&source=bl&ots=RCN_efSAbn&sig=-3gk9Cc-FopcgRzUIhAOmNvSsZE&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj7_rXUmtzeAhURca0KHZYVDioQ6AEwC3oECAIQAQ#v=onepage&q=Ryan%2C%20K.%20%26%20Cooper%2C%20J.%20M%20Those%20who%20can%2C%20teach%20(14th%20ed.).%20google%2C%20books&f=false

MI inventory link:

http://surfaquarium.com/MI/inventory.htm

Power point attached. below

  • Budget: $12

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Perspectives on Education:

Philosophical and Psychological

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Philosophy

Philosophy= Love of Wisdom

Focus on the fundamental questions

of Existence

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Branches of Philosophy

  • Metaphysics-What is real?
  • Epistemology

What is true knowledge?

How do we come to know the truth?

  • Axiology- What do we value?
  • Logic- How do we think and reason?

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Educational Philosophies

Subject Based Student Centered

Perennialism Romanticism

Essentialism Progressivism

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Perennialism

  • Purpose of Education-educate the intellect
  • Teacher’s Role- Expert of content knowledge
  • Instruction-teacher directed
  • Child’s Role- Learn and obey teacher
  • Curriculum

-emphasize literature and humanities

-Classics of Western culture- “Great Books”

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Essentialism

  • Purpose of Education- Prepare student to be productive contributing member of society
  • Teacher’s Role- Expert of content knowledge
  • Instruction-Teacher directed
  • Child’s Role- Listen and learn
  • Curriculum-basic skills (3 R’s) + science and technology

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Romanticism

  • Purpose of Education-individual self-fulfillment
  • Teacher’s Role

-Guide student interests

-Respond to children’s questions

  • Instruction- Individualized
  • Child’s Role-maintain their curiosity to learn
  • Curriculum-Depends on student interests

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Progressivism

  • Purpose of School- Prepare students to become good citizens and problem solvers
  • Role of Teacher- intellectual guide, facilitator
  • Instruction-group work/research projects
  • Child’s Role-Learn by doing and discovering
  • Curriculum-traditional subjects provide context for problems to be solved

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Psychological Theories

  • Behaviorism- Behavioral Psychology
  • Constructivism-Cognitive Psychology

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Behaviorism

  • Based on the work of B.F. Skinner
  • Focuses on learning as a response to the environment
  • Reward/Punishment as incentives to learn

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Constructivism

  • Based on the work of Piaget, Vygotsky and Bruner
  • Focus on the brain and learning and memory
  • Integrate new knowledge with learner’s pre-existing knowledge base

 

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